Today there are many options to choose from for birth control. Some are permanent, some are injected and others taken orally. They can even last for various amounts of time. Seeing one of our OB/GYN doctors located in El Paso, TX can help you figure out which one is best for you.
Reversible, Temporary Birth Control
Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCPs)
OCPs suppress ovulation and come in a variety of doses to ensure effectiveness. The primary function is to prevent ovulation, but they also help women regain menstrual regularity, control acne, premenstrual syndrome, premenopausal symptoms and more. An OCP is usually taken daily.
Much like the pill, ortho-evra releases hormones that prevents ovulation. The difference is how it functions as a patch. It also only requires that you use it once a week in oppose to daily.
NuvaRing is made out of a flexible plastic that releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. The ring is inserted into the vagina and must remain there for three weeks. After the three weeks, you remove the ring for seven days or so (while you have your period), then you can insert a new one.
Depo-Provera Injectable Contraceptive
Depo-Provera is a shot of progestin that is administered once every three months. It not only prevents conception, it prevents menstrual cycles altogether as a side effect.
Intrauterine Devices (IUD)
The IUD is a flexible, plastic, T-shaped device that enters through the cervix to the uterus. It is both reversible and the most effective form of birth control. It is ideal for women who cannot tolerate estrogen-based contraceptives and the ability to become pregnant returns rather quickly after it’s removed. There are two commercial types of IUD in the US.
Mirena releases a low amount of progestin continuously over a 5-year period. In addition to providing effective birth control, it’s also useful in reducing menstrual cramps and the amount of bleeding that accompanies your period. Typically, women using Mirena eventually see a 90 percent reduction in menstrual flow.
Paragard is much like Mirena. The difference is that there are no hormones used in Paragard. This form of birth control can last over ten years, but can be removed at any time.
Implanon is a long-term, reversible contraceptive much like an IUD. This contraceptive, however, is inserted under the skin in the upper arm. It releases progestin slowly over time and is more than 99% effective. This contraceptive will last about three years.
Permanent Birth Control
Essure is a permanent, non-reversible sterilization procedure. It doesn’t require incisions, or anesthetic. A catheter goes through the cervix, into the uterus and places micro-inserts in the Fallopian tubes. Once in place, the inserts create scarring that blocks the tubes, thus making it impossible for the sperm to reach the egg.
Laparoscopic Bilateral Tubal Ligation (BTL)
BTL is another permanent sterilization procedure. This procedure, however, must be done in a hospital or surgical center. General anesthesia is required, as one to three surgical incisions are made in your abdomen, through which your Fallopian tubes are permanently closed. This procedure has proven to be highly effective.
For more information about birth control or any other service we offer, feel free to contact our office located in El Paso, Texas.